Linking Work Environment, Team and Co-worker Relationship and Organization Well-being in Increasing Employee Engagement

A Conceptual Perspective

  • Athifah Najwani Shahidan Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business, Universiti Utara Malaysia
  • Siti Norasyikin Abdul Hamid School of Business Management, Universiti Utara Malaysia
  • Bidayatul Akmal Mustafa Kamil School of Business Management, Universiti Utara Malaysia
  • Shamsul Huda Abd. Rani School of Business Management, Universiti Utara Malaysia
  • Azelin Aziz School of Business Management, Universiti Utara Malaysia
  • Hazlinda Hassan School of Business Management, Universiti Utara Malaysia
Keywords: Employee engagement, Work environment, Team and co-worker, relationship, Organization well-being


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to propose a conceptual framework on the key determinant of employee engagement. This paper is designed to study the three determinants that will impact on employee engagement. Three key determinants will be used as independent variables which are work environment, team and co-worker relationship, and organization well-being. Employee engagement acts as a dependent variable.

Methodology: This is a causal study that has used qualitative exploratory methodology to draw propositions about the phenomenon under study.

Findings: The findings of the study that supported by The Social Exchange Theory (SET) and The Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) were expected to produce significant relationship between work environment, team and co-worker relationship and organization well-being on employee engagement.

Practical implication: A deep focus should be given to the factors that can enhance work environment, team and co-worker relationship as well as providing supportive organizational well-being to ensure the employees in their organization is fully engaged.

Social implication: The determinant of employee engagement will promote a healthy and positive working environment that can contribute to positive and healthy life in social community.


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How to Cite
Shahidan, A. N., Hamid, S. N. A., Kamil, B. A. M., Rani, S. H. A., Aziz, A., & Hassan, H. (2016). Linking Work Environment, Team and Co-worker Relationship and Organization Well-being in Increasing Employee Engagement. Journal of Business and Social Review in Emerging Economies, 2(1), 21-30.