The Socio-Economic Effect of Remittances on Left behind Families in District Chitral

  • Anwarul Mujahid Shah Department of Sociology, Political Science and Education, Bacha Khan University, Charsadda, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Kamran Khan Department of Management Sciences & Commerce, Bacha Khan University, Charsadda
  • Nauman Reayat Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, Pakistan
Keywords: remittances, income, education, migrants, expenditure


The study was initiated to measure the utilization of remittances on productive and nonproductive purposes in the hilly area of district Chitral. Three villages were purposively selected for analysis, and 150 respondents were selected randomly for face-to-face interview. The utilization was measured using t-test and percentage changes. The main indicators used in the research were education, income and expenditure. It was found that the remittances have a positive impact on the families left behind by the migrants. Thus overall, the results showed a positive effect on the socio-economic wellbeing of the respondents.



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How to Cite
Anwarul Mujahid Shah, Muhammad Kamran Khan, & Nauman Reayat. (2021). The Socio-Economic Effect of Remittances on Left behind Families in District Chitral. Journal of Business and Social Review in Emerging Economies, 7(1), 195-200.