Impact of Executive Compensation, CEO Compensation and Board Diversity on Organizational Performance with Moderating Effect of Systemic Factors

  • Shoukat Malik Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan
  • Noorulain Waheed University of Education, Lahore (Multan Campus)
Keywords: Executive compensation, CEO compensation, Board gender diversity, organizational performance, Systemic factors


Purpose: Current research intended to probe the impact of executive compensation, CEO compensation and diversity on the organizational financial performance with the moderating role of systemic factors. Systemic factors are overall country based factors such as political, economic, social and legal factors that may moderate the relationship of executive compensation, CEO compensation, diversity and organizational performance.

Design/Methodology/Approach: To conduct study secondary data is collected from annual reports of domestic scheduled public sector banks of 2015-2020. Executive compensation, CEO compensation and board gender diversity are bootstrapped on organizational performance by using MS Excel and Stata17. Linear regression and moderated hierarchical regression analysis is used for data analysis.

Findings: Results shows that Executive compensation, CEO compensation and diversity has signification positive impact on organizational performance. Moreover systemic factors moderates the predictors and outcome relationship

Implications/Originality/Value: This paper explores the relationship of Executive & CEO compensation, board gender diversity and organizational performance with the moderating role of systemic factors, which has largely been ignored in the previous literature                                                     


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Author Biographies

Shoukat Malik, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan

Dean, Faculty of Law, Commerce & Business Administration, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan

Director, Institute of Banking & Finance, Bahauddin Zakariya University, PAkistan

Noorulain Waheed, University of Education, Lahore (Multan Campus)

PhD Scholar, Institute of Banking and Finance, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan

Lecturer, Universty of Education, Multan, Pakistan 


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How to Cite
Malik, S., & Waheed, N. (2022). Impact of Executive Compensation, CEO Compensation and Board Diversity on Organizational Performance with Moderating Effect of Systemic Factors. Journal of Business and Social Review in Emerging Economies, 7(4), 935-947.