Re-examining Family Communication Pattern: The Confirmatory Factor Analysis
Objective: The purpose of this paper is to determine whether the model for Revised Family Communication Pattern (RFCP) can be used to measure the communication patterns within a family.
Methodology: A survey questionnaire was administered to 500 respondents but only 380 of them were deemed useable. Prior to this, a pilot study was undertaken in which an internal alpha procedure was conducted to determine the reliability of the variables for this study. Similarly, the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was also performed to confirm the factor structure so that variables with low factor loading could be excluded. On the other hand, the variable with highest factor loading was identified and then rigorously explained in regard to this model.
Results: More than 50% of the respondents had agreed with the item B9 of the conversation orientation and B17 of the conformity orientation thus, indicating that the model is useful in measuring the communication patterns within a family after omitting several effect indicators that had severe negative impact on estimation.
Implications: When the value of factor loading of a variable is low, fitting the variable in the model will result in the model becoming a misfit that ends with a discussion about the underlying factor structure that is fruitless. This study is particularly useful for practitioners who need to identify variables that are suitable for research on family communication. Besides that, this paper also provides valuable reference for researchers to consider the adoption of RFCP based on conversation and conformity orientations in Malaysia.
Article Analytics Summary
Afthanorhan, W. M. A. B. W., & Ahmad, S. (2014). Path Analysis in Covariance-Based Structural Equation Modeling with Amos 18.0. European Journal of Business and Social Sciences 2 (6), 10.
Afthanorhan, W. M. A. B. W., Ahmad, S. (2013). Modeling a High Reliability and Validity by using Confirmatory Factor Analysis on five latent constructs: Volunteerism Program.International Research Journal Advanced Engineer and Scientific Technology (IRJAEST).
Antonakis, J., Bendahan, S., Jacquart, P., &Lalive, R. (2010). On making causal claims: A review and recommendations. The Leadership Quarterly,21(6), 1086-1120.
Awang, Z., Afthanorhan, A., &Mamat, M. (2016). The Likert Scale analysis using parametric based structural equation modeling (SEM). Computational Methods in Social Sciences, 4(1), 13.
Bakar, A.A., &Afthanorhan, A. (2016).Confirmatory Factor Analysis on Family Communication Patterns Measurement. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 219, 33-40.
Bollen, K. A. (1989). A new incremental fit index for general structural equation models. Sociological Methods & Research, 17(3), 303-316.
Braithwaite, D. O., McBride, M. C., &Schrodt, P. (2003). ”Parent teams” and the everyday interactions of co-parenting in stepfamilies.Communication Reports. 16(2): 93-111.
Caro, D.H. (2011). Parent-child communication and academic performance: Associations at the within- and between-country level. Journal Educational Researh, volume 3 (2), 15-37.
Chaffee, S. H., McLeod, J. M., & Atkin, C. K. (1971).Parental influence on adolescent media use.American Behavioral Scientist. 14: 323-340.
Chaffee, S. H., McLeod, J. M., &Wackman, D. B. (1972).Family communications patterns and adolescent political participation. In J. Dennis (Ed.), Socialization to Politics: A Reader. N.Y.: Wiley.
Chan, K., & McNeal, J. U. (2003).Parent-child communications about concumption and advertising in China.Journal of Consumer Marketing. 20 (4): 317-334.
Fosco,G.M.,&Grych, J.H. (2010).Adolescent triangulation into parental conflicts: longitudinal implications for appraisals and adolescent‐parent relations. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72(2), 254-266.
Galvin, M.K, Braithwaite, O.D, &Baylund, L.C. (2015). Family Communication: Cohesion and change. (9 ed). Pearson Education, Inc.
Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2009). Análisemultivariada de dados.Bookman.
Koerner, A., & Fitzpatrick, M.A. (2004).Communication in intact families.In A. Vangelisti (Ed,), Handbook of family communication (pp. 177-196). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
Laursen, B. & Collins, W. (2004).Parent-child communication during adolescence.https://www.researchgate.net/publication/256444591Parent-child.
McLeod, J. M., & Chaffee, S. H. (1972).The construction of social reality. In L. D. Ritchie, “Family communication patterns: An epistemic analysis and conceptual reinterpretation”. Communication Research. 18 (4): 548-565.
Park, H. (2008). The varied educational effects of parent-child communication: A com- parative study of fourteen countries. Comparative Education Review, 52 (2), 219– 243.
Simpkins, S. D., Weiss, H. B., McCartney, K., Kreider, H. M., & Dearing, E. (2006).Mother-child relationship as a moderator of the relation between family educatio- nal involvement and child achievement. Parenting: Science and Practice, 6, 49– 57.
ZainudinAwang., Afthanorhan, A., &Asri, M. A. M. (2015). Parametric and Non Parametric Approach in Structural Equation Modeling (SEM): The Application of Bootstrapping. Modern Applied Science, 9(9), 58.
CSRC Publishing and JBSEE adhere to Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International License. The authors submitting and publishing in JBSEE agree to the copyright policy under creative common license 4.0 (Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International). Under this license, the authors published in JBSEE retain the copyright including publishing rights of their scholarly work and agree to let others remix, tweak, and build upon their work non-commercially. All other authors using the content of SBSEE are required to cite author(s) and publisher in their work. CSRC Publishing and JBSEE follow an Open Access Policy for copyright and licensing.