Mediating Influence of Work Engagement between Person-Environment Fit and Adaptive Performance

A Conceptual Perspective in Malaysia Public Hospitals

  • Athifah Najwani Shahidan Universiti Utara Malaysia
  • Siti Norasyikin Abdul Hamid School of Business Management, Universiti Utara Malaysia
  • Fais Ahmad School of Business Management, Universiti Utara Malaysia
Keywords: Adaptive Performance, Work Engagement, Person Environment Fit, Person Job Fit, Person Supervisor Fit, Person Group Fit



Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to propose a conceptual framework on the mediating influence of Work Engagement (WE) on the relationship between Person-Environment Fit (PE fit) and Adaptive Performance (AP) among nurses at the public hospitals in Malaysia. This paper is designed to focus on three PE fit dimensions, which are Person-Job Fit (PJ fit), Person-Group Fit (PG fit), and Person-Supervisor Fit (PS Fit) and its impact to employee’s adaptive performance by using Work Engagement as a mediator.

Design/Methodology/Approach: This is a causal study that has used quantitative methodology to draw propositions about the phenomenon under study.

Findings: The finding of the study is supported by two theories which are Theory of Performance (ToP) and Social Exchange Theory (SET). It is expected to produce significant relationship between PE Fit and AP by using a mediator of WE.

Implications/Originality/Value: The contribution of the study delivers useful information and adds knowledge to the literature pointing to increase their employees’ performance in public sector. For a practical implication, deep focus should be given to the factors that can enhance employees’ performance especially in public sector to ensure the employees in their organization are fully fitted with their working environment, thus can deliver the best service to customers. Social implication from the study is the application of adaptive performance concept will promote a healthy and positive working environment that can contribute to positive and healthy life in social community and practice fast respond to reduce the patients’ complaints regarding staff performance in public hospitals.


Keywords : Adaptive Performance, Work Engagement, Person Environment Fit, Person Job Fit, Person Supervisor Fit, Person Group Fit


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How to Cite
Shahidan, A. N., Abdul Hamid, S. N., & Ahmad, F. (2018). Mediating Influence of Work Engagement between Person-Environment Fit and Adaptive Performance. Journal of Business and Social Review in Emerging Economies, 4(1), 17-26.