Identification of Organizational Change Factors in Higher Education Institution (Cases at New Public Universities in Indonesia)

  • Gusti Tia Ardiani Lecturer, Department of Management, Siliwangi University,Indonesia
  • Adhitya Rahmat Taufiq Lecturer, Department of Management, Siliwangi University, Indonesia
  • Andina Eka Mandasari Lecturer, Department of Management, Siliwangi University, Indonesia
Keywords: Organizational change, New public universities


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine what factors are most contributing greatly to the change of college organizations that originally private university into the public university, the latent variable used is organizational change. 

Methodology: The survey was conducted to 128 lecturers at several new public universities located on Java island by using questionnaires as the main data collection tool. The statistical tool used is Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) to confirm the constructs of latent variables.

Findings: Structure, culture, and resources owned by an organization will be an important factor in shaping institutional change of higher education institution when transformed from private to public. The resource becomes one of the constructs that have the greatest role in the organizational change of higher education institutions.

Research limitations/implications: This study is limited to the proving of organizational change in the higher education institution only. In addition, it should also be investigated the direction of causality relationship by including other variables such as job satisfaction, organizational performance, and others.

Practical implications: In this study, organizational changes reflected by changes in structure, culture, and resources must always be considered by conducting regular evaluations by management to identify which factors have a positive or negative impact of changes that occur either on changes in structure, culture or resources.

Originality/value: This research is testing of constructor model of organizational change variable that uses three main factors namely structure, culture, and resources


Download data is not yet available.

Article Analytics Summary

Author Biographies

Gusti Tia Ardiani, Lecturer, Department of Management, Siliwangi University,Indonesia

Lecturer, Department of Management, Siliwangi University,Indonesia

Adhitya Rahmat Taufiq, Lecturer, Department of Management, Siliwangi University, Indonesia

Lecturer, Department of Management, Siliwangi University, Indonesia

Andina Eka Mandasari, Lecturer, Department of Management, Siliwangi University, Indonesia

Lecturer, Department of Management, Siliwangi University, Indonesia


Azhar M. Shah, 2009, “Cultural and Organizational Change and Mergers without the Variable of Job Loss: How Job Satisfaction of Employees are Affected”, Journal of Business Studies Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 1, Pp. 26-42.

Barnard, M. & Stoll N., 2010, “Organisational Change Management: A rapid literature review, Centre for Understanding Behaviour Change”, Bristol Institute of Public Affairs. Vol. 10/01.

Barthos, Basir,2001,Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia, Suatu pendekatan Makro, PT.Bumi Aksara,Jakarta.

Booneo, Louis E & Kurtz, David I,2008, Pegantar Bisnis Komtemporer, Salemba Empat: Jakarta.

Boswell, W., Boudreau, J., Tichy, J., 2005, “The relationship between employee job change and job satisfaction: The honeymoon-hangover effect”, Journal of Applied Psychology, 90 (2), Pp. 882-892. DOI:

Burgess, J., Julia, C., 2006, “Temporary Work and Human Resources Management: Issues, Challenges and Responses”, Personnel Review; 35(2), pp:129. DOI:

Carroll, S., Flood, P, Murphy, E, Tiernan, S., 2002, “Employee reactions to flattening organizational structures”, European Journal of Work Organizational Psychology, 11(9), Pp. 47-67. DOI:

Daft, Richard L., 2003, Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. Jakarta, Erlangga.

Graaf, de Marloes, 2012, “Job Satisfaction and Contingent Employment”, Journal De Economist. 160, pp:197–218. DOI:

Gelaidan, H. M. & Hartini Ahmad, 2013, “The Factors Affecting Employee Commitment to Change in Public Sector: Evidence from Yemen”, International Business Research; Vol. 6, No. 3, Pp. 75-87. DOI:

Gendron Wiyono, 2011, Merancang Penelitian Bisnis Dengan SPSS dan SmartPLS, UPP-STIM YKPN, Yogyakarta.

Gunduz, Hulya, C, Gunzel, Ayse dan Ulutas Tugce, 2012, "Effects Of Emotional Intelligence On Job Satisfaction: An empirical study On Call Center Employees", Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 58, pp:363 – 369. DOI:

Gomes, Daniel R., 2009, “Organizational Change and Job Satisfaction: The Mediating Role of Organizational Commitment”, Cominicacao e Ciencias Empresariais, exedra 1, Pp. 177-196.

Greenberg, J. & Robert A. Baron, 2003, Behaviour in Organizations, Understanding and Managing The Human Side of Work. Third Edition. Allin and Bacon. A Division of Schuster, Massachusetts.

_____________________________, 2008, Behaviors in Organizations, Ninth Edition. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Han, Sia Tjun, Nugroho, Agustinus., Kartika, Endo W., dan Kaihatu, Thomas., 2012, “Komitmen Afektif dalam Organisasi yang dipengaruhi Perceived Organizational Support dan Kepuasan Kerja”, Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan. 14(2), pp:109-117. DOI:

Indriantoro, Nur., Bambang Supomo, 2009, Metodologi Penelitian Bisnis untuk Akuntansi dan Manajemen, Edisi Pertama, Yogyakarta, BPFE Yogyakarta.

Jaros, S., 2010, “Commitment to Organizational Change: A Critical Review”, Journal of Change Management, Vol. 10 No 1, Pp. 79-108. DOI:

Kahtani, Ali A., 2013, “Leader Charisma, Employee Organizational Commitment, and Organizational Change: A Proposed Theoretical Framework”, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 5, Pp. 377-399.

Kemendikbud, 2012, Undang-Undang RI No 12 Tahun 2012 Tentang Pendidikan Tinggi. (Online), (, diakses 13 april 2014)

Nedeljkovic, M., Hadzic, O., Cerovic, S., 2012, “Organizational Changes And Job Satisfaction In The Hospitality Industry In Serbia”, UTMS Journal of Economics, Vol. 3 (2): Pp. 105–11.

Presiden RI, 2016, Peraturan Presiden RI No 10 Tahun 2016 Tentang Dosen dan Tenaga Kependidikan pada Perguruan Tinggi Negeri Baru.

Robbins, P. Stephen., 2008, Organizational Behaviour, Tenth Edition (Perilaku Organisasi, Edisi ke Sepuluh), Alih Bahasa Drs. Benyamin Molan. Jakarta, Salemba Empat.

Safitri, I.P. Wahyu. Rahardjo, Kusdi. Djudi, Moch., 2014, “Analisis Perbedaan Komitmen Organisasi Berdasarkan Status Karyawan (Studi Pada Karyawan PT. Kobexindo Tractors Tbk. Representative Office Bengkulu)”, Jurnal Administrasi Bisnis. 10(1), h:215-239.

Seong J.Y., Hong D.S. & Park. W.W., 2012, “Work status, gender, and organizational commitment among Korean workers: The mediating role of person-organization fit”, Asia Pac Journal Management 29, pp:1105–1129. DOI:

Sofat, K., Kiran R. & Kaushik S., 2015, “Organizational Change and Organizational Commitment: An Empirical Study of it Organizations in India”, Global Journal of Management and Business Research, Vol. 15 Issue 6, Pp. 38-49.

Sugiyono, 2006, Statistika Untuk Penelitian, Cetakan Ketujuh, Bandung, CV. Alfabeta.

Wheelen Thomas L., dan David Hunger J. 2000, Strategic Management and Bussiness Policy, Fourth Edition, New York, Addison Wesley Publishing Company.

Wickramasinghe, Vathsala, and Chandrasekara, Rasika., 2011, "Differential effects of employment status on work-related outcomes A pilot study of permanent and casual workersin Sri Lanka", Employee Relation.33(5), pp:532-550. DOI:

Winardi, T., 2006, Manajemen Perilaku Organisasi, Jakarta: Kencana.

How to Cite
Ardiani, G. T., Taufiq, A. R., & Mandasari, A. E. (2018). Identification of Organizational Change Factors in Higher Education Institution (Cases at New Public Universities in Indonesia). Journal of Business and Social Review in Emerging Economies, 4(1), 53-60.