The Role of Social Network, Social Norms and Trust Towards Board Active Participation Behavior in Cooperative Governance

  • Romaizah Abd Kadir Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Khairuddin Idris Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Zoharah Omar Universiti Putra Malaysia
Keywords: Board Behaviour, Board Participation, Social Network, Social Norms, Trust


Objective: The purpose of this paper is to determine the relationship between social factors i.e. : Social network, social norms and trust, and its relationship with board members active participation behavior (BAPB) in cooperative governance.

Methodology: A questionnaire survey was administered to 500 board members from cooperatives throughout Peninsular Malaysia.  The hypotheses path was tested by conducting coefficient regression analysis and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM)

Results:. The research found a positive correlation between social network and social norms with BAPB. However, there is no relationship between trust and BAPB.

Implications: This research presents a conceptually yet empirically supported framework to describe the role of social network, social norms and trust for an in-depth understanding on board processes. The study particularly looks into the importance of social factors and its impact towards BAPB, from the perspective of social capital development. This paper gives valuable reference to administrator of cooperative organization for a formulation of a comprehensive human capital strategic plan for cooperatives.


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How to Cite
Abd Kadir, R., Idris, K., & Omar, Z. (2018). The Role of Social Network, Social Norms and Trust Towards Board Active Participation Behavior in Cooperative Governance. Journal of Business and Social Review in Emerging Economies, 4(2), 263-280.