Lessons from the Major Leadership Theories in Comparison to the Competency Theory for Leadership Practice

  • Tong Wooi Chow Putra Business School, Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Lailawati Mohd. Salleh Associate Professor, Faculty of Economics and Management, Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Ismi Arif Ismail Associate Professor, Faculty of Education, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Keywords: Evolution of Leadership, Competency Concept, Emerging Leadership, Competencies, Multi-facet Leadership Concept, 21st Century-Leadership


Purpose: This article presents perspectives on the review of eight major theories of leadership in comparison to the competency approach. Also, the definitions, significance, and benefits of the leadership competency concept are also highlighted.

Methodology: A review of the various published literature on the major leadership theories, the competency theory, and the related topics on the scope of the study.

Results: The findings of the review show the significance and relevance of the leadership competency approach as a viable leadership option for the 21st century- leadership. Leadership for best practice continues to evolve due to the changing leadership landscape. The literature states that newer theories will eventually replace old leadership concepts.

Implications: An understanding of the various leadership theories, specifically the competency theory will facilitate in the choice of the adoption of leadership approach. Moreover, employing the appropriate leadership practice in this current knowledge-based era is key to individual and organizational performance.


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How to Cite
Chow, T. W., Mohd. Salleh, L., & Arif Ismail, I. (2017). Lessons from the Major Leadership Theories in Comparison to the Competency Theory for Leadership Practice. Journal of Business and Social Review in Emerging Economies, 3(2), 147-156. https://doi.org/10.26710/jbsee.v3i2.86