Parliamentary Democracy in Developing Countries: Comparative Study of Pakistan and Bangladesh (2008 to 2013)

  • Ghulam Mustafa Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Aysha Javed Department of Political Science and International Relations, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Arsalan M.Phil. Scholar, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Keywords: Democracy, Parliamentary System, Pakistan, Banglades, Developing countries

Abstract

Purpose: Parliamentary democracy is one of the unique forms of democracy. It is practiced in various countries of the world successfully. Like Australia, Canada exercises it in very effective manner. Pakistan and Bangladesh both countries are practicing parliamentary democracy. This research paper made comparison between Pakistan and Bangladesh and also find out reasons that weakened the democratic system in both developing countries like non democratic attitude of their political leaders, poverty, corruption, injustices, lack of education, dictatorship and terrorism that destabilized the parliamentary system in both countries.

Design/Methodology/Approach: Historiography serves as an ideal approach here, given the subjects of the cases being used in this study. It employs a critical, selective reading of sources that synthesize particular bits of information into a narrative description or analysis of a subject.

Findings: In Pakistan parliamentary democracy restores in 2008 and eighteen amendments is the good initiate to strength the democratic trend. In fact, in the first time in the history of Pakistan a democratic government complete it tenure. Politics of reconciliation play very vital role in Pakistan. In contrast, in Bangladesh parliamentary democracy restore since 1991but the political leaders highly mistrusted each other and involve in corruption activities. Abolishment of caretaker government is another critical issue in Bangladesh.

Implications/Originality/Value: Both countries tried to achieve the parliamentary democracy but both countries should struggle more for institutionalization of parliament for strong the parliamentary democracy in both countries.

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Author Biography

Muhammad Arsalan, M.Phil. Scholar, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan

Lecturer, Department of Political Science & IR

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Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
Mustafa, G., Javed, A., & Arsalan, M. (2021). Parliamentary Democracy in Developing Countries: Comparative Study of Pakistan and Bangladesh (2008 to 2013). Review of Politics and Public Policy in Emerging Economies, 3(1), 13-25. https://doi.org/10.26710/rope.v3i1.1345