Single Story Sellers Everywhere: Deconstructing Media Reportage on Banditry in Nigeria

  • Alfa Patrick Innocent Department of Social Science and Humanities, The Federal Polytechnic, Idah, Kogi State, Nigeria
  • Isah Ibn-Mohammed Department of Social Science and Humanities, The Federal Polytechnic, Idah, Kogi State, Nigeria
  • Otaida Eikojonwa Department of Political Science, Federal University Dutsin Ma, Katsina State, Nigeria
Keywords: Media Reportage, Banditry, Militia, Advertisement, Terrorism


Purpose: The media has been described as the fourth estate of the realm because of the huge role it plays in information dissemination and education. However, when the media peddles narratives to make and or mar one group, the media losses its role ethos and principle of balance and neutrality. Therefore, this work attempts to interrogate imbalance media reportage on the issue of north/south divide on banditry.

Method: The work is qualitative and employs extant literature as its main source.

Findings: The work found out that the media reports the same incidences in different parts of Nigeria in different tones, when violent crimes occur in the north it is simply referred to as banditry but whilst it happens elsewhere, it is called other less derogatory names that do not qualify the extent of the crimes committed.

Implications/Originality/Value: The work recommended among other things that the media must uphold its principles of balanced journalism and help peddle narratives that bind rather than divide.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Article Analytics Summary


Abuja Schools Shut Down as Truckload of Bandits Arrives In Border Town 6
May 2021.
Addo, P. (2006). Cross-Border Criminal Activities in West, Africa: Options for Effective
Responses, Kofi Annan International Peace Keeping Training Centre Cantonments, Accra Ghana.
Ahmed, T. M (ND). Banditry Dynamism and Operating Pirating Pattern of Crime in Northwest:
A Threat to National Security
Anka A.S (2017). Emerging Issues in Zamfara Armed Banditry and Cattle Rustling: Collapse of
the Peace Deal and Resurgence of Fresh Violence. International Journal of Innovative
Research and Development, 6 (12): 161-170.
American's gun syndrome. Inside America with GhidaGakhry 31 March 2021
America's gun obsession. Inside America with Ghida Fakhry 23 September 2020
At least bandits killed 21 kidnapped 40 others
Bandits Kill 8, Abduct 19 Female Anglican Church Members, 6 Others in KadunaLeadership
Newspaper April 7 2021
Bandits Burn Kaduna Church, Kill Eightby Saharareporters, New York May 19, 2021
Bandits kidnap another 30 persons in Niger – Vanguard 9 March 2021
Bandits kill 7 persons in Kaduna - Vanguard News News 1 March
Bandits kill 31 people in separate attacks in North: Local. Vanguard News 11 March 2021
Bandits invade emir's farm, kill son | Premium Times Nigeria › 21
May 2021
Bandits, Violence and the Numbers Game, 12 March 2021
Bandits kill eight, raze houses, church in Kaduna - Punch Newspapers
bandits-kill-eight-ra 19 May 2021
Bandits kill Father; son, 2 others in Southern Kaduna - Vanguard News
News 12 April 2021
Bandits abduct women, children in Kaduna - Vanguard News › News 21
Feb 2021
Bandits getting more intelligence reports than military' Punch Newspapers
21 July 2019
Dining with the devil: How villagers’ co-habit with bandits Mon May 24
Elizabeth M Perse (2008). Media Effects and Society. Published by Lawrence Erlbaum
Associates, Publishers Mahwah, New Jersey.
Felix H, Karsten, D and Bela, G (2018). Automated identification of media bias in news articles:
an interdisciplinary literature review. Published in International Journal on Digital Libraries 20:391–415
Getting A Gun Is Like Buying Bread, Says 'Repentant' Bandits' Leader Behind Kankara
Schoolboys Abduction, Daudawa: 2021/02/18

Gunmen kill five police officers, abduct one in Imo | Premium Times Nigeria regional 27 April 2021
Gunmen attack another police station, kill officer - Premium Times Nigeria 23 May 2021
Gunmen attack third police station in Imo in less than 72 hours - Premium Times Nigeria April 8 2021
Gunmen storm Nigerian prison, free inmates - Premium Times Nigeria
Gunmen Kill Two Officers in Abia, Set Police Station On Fire breaking
hoodlums 23 Feb 2021
Gunmen attack Ebonyi community hours after South-east governors' security meeting –
PremiumTimes Nigeria 12 April 2021
Gunmen set another police facility ablaze in Imo - Premium Times Nigeria April 7 2021
Gunmen who attacked Imo prison, police command are cowards, says Osinbajo – Punch Newspapers 6 April 2021
Helen, E.F., Rosemary E.A H., Julian, M. and Anne. K.M.D (2005): Narrative and Media.
Published in the United States of America by Cambridge University Press
Hoodlums on Rampage in Anambra, attack Police Station breaking
hoodlums 19 April 2021
Hoodlums set Abia police station on fire just-in-hoodlums 9 March 2021
How Katsina became hotbed of banditry 16 January 2021
How bandits terrorized Kagara for years before students abduction
26 Feb 2021
How gunmen attacked Owerri prison, freed 1844 inmates - Official - Premium Times Nigeria news 5 April 2021
How bandits killed student, abducted 42 — Principal – Vanguard 18
February 2021
Insecurity: Bandits operate for 12 hours, raid bank, kill 23 – 4
September 2020
Imo Boils Again as Hoodlums Attack Uzodimma's Country Home
25 April 2021
IPOB attacks on South-South states provocative, unacceptable – Niger Delta group 29 April 2021
Kaduna abductions: Banditry now war situation, govt should cooperate –Gumi – Punch
Newspapers kaduna-abductions-.24 April 2021
Manhunt Launched for Attackers of Anambra Zonal Police Headquarters
20 April 2021
Mayhem in Owerri: Armed men burn prison, free 1,844 inmates, bomb Police HQ April 6 2021
Nigeria's Protectors Turned Victims: 17 Policemen Killed By Hoodlums In South-East, South South in 2021 5 March 2021
Owerri prison break, hundreds freed - Vanguard News April 5 2021
Police operatives, hoodlums in gun battle in Owerri - Premium Times Nigeria news 25 May 2021
Police confirm attack on its Imo headquarters, prison, blame IPOB
5 April 2021
Police continue VIP duties as bandits, terrorists kill over 269 in 1 May
Rufai, M.A. (2016). “The Role of Vigilante Groups in the Fight against Rural Banditry in
Zamfara State, North-Western Nigeria”. Degel Journal of the Faculty of Arts and Islamic Studies, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto (UDUS), Nigeria. 13 (6): 300-302.
Suleiman IgudaLadan and Bilkisu Usman Matawalli (2020). Impacts of Banditry on Food
Security in Katsina State, Nigeria. Published in Official Publication of Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science: Vol. 8, 2020, ISSN 2354-4147
Sharyl, A. (2017). The Smear: How Shady Political Operatives and Fake News Control what you
see, what you think and how you vote. Published by HarperCollins e-books.
The Benuenisation of Niger State and the Bandits war 3 may 2021
We killed students of Kaduna private varsity to show govt has failed 3 May 2021
What is media literacy| with Natalie July, 2020
Villagers Sign Peace Deals with Bandits in Niger THISDAYLIVE
Ziyanda S (2018). Terrorism as Controversy: The Shifting Definition of Terrorism in State
2M Nigerians Displaced by Insurgency, Banditry- FG Leadership newspaper Jan 8 2021
6 Killed, 5 Abducted as Bandits Displace 3000 In Niger Communities Leadership newspaper Jan
25 2021
4 policemen, 44 others killed in fresh gun 24 may 2021
10 police officers killed; six stations razed in two weeks 19 March
323 killed, 949 kidnapped in Kaduna in three months - Report - Premium Times Nigeria 30 April 2021
16 police officers killed in Nigeria last week - Premium Times Nigeria May 9 2021
How to Cite
Innocent, A. P., Ibn-Mohammed, I., & Eikojonwa, O. (2021). Single Story Sellers Everywhere: Deconstructing Media Reportage on Banditry in Nigeria. Review of Politics and Public Policy in Emerging Economies, 3(1), 27-39.