An Empirical Study on Gender Based Discrimination at Pakistani Workplaces: Determination of the Causes of Gender Based Discrimination in Pakistan's Private Service Sector Workplaces

  • Sunbul Naeem Cheema The Islamia University, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
  • Warda Najeeb Jamal The Islamia University, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
Keywords: Gender-Based Discrimination, HR Department, HR Policies, Private Service Sector of Pakistan, Workplace Inequalities


Purpose: Gender-based discrimination in the workplace in the private service sector is well known all over the world phenomenon, but in developing states like Pakistan the issue is comparatively high. The purpose of this paper is to determine the causes and factors of Gender-based discrimination in the private service sector workplaces in Pakistan.

Design/Methodology/Approach: The quantitative method was used. Data was collected through a structured questionnaire. The population of the research is the employees of the private service sector of Pakistan. The sample size was 120 (N=120). Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software is used for analysis.

Findings: In this study, it is investigated that Unequal treatment of employees, favoritism, and educational qualification (Independent Variables) are causes of Gender-based discrimination (dependent variable), and this relationship is mediated by the human resource department’s rules and policies, unfortunately, the role of HR policies and the department is not satisfactory in the private service sector of Pakistan.

Implications: Managers, policymakers, and educationists must reassess their dependence on stereotypical ideas of women as women become an increasingly important component of the workforce.

Originality/Value: The paper explores the factors that contribute to gender-based discrimination and uses HR rules as a unique mediator between these factors and prejudice.


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Author Biographies

Sunbul Naeem Cheema, The Islamia University, Bahawalpur, Pakistan

Ph.D. Scholar, The Islamia University, Bahawalpur, Pakistan

Warda Najeeb Jamal, The Islamia University, Bahawalpur, Pakistan

Assistant Professor, The Islamia University, Bahawalpur, Pakistan


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How to Cite
Cheema, S. N., & Jamal, W. N. (2022). An Empirical Study on Gender Based Discrimination at Pakistani Workplaces: Determination of the Causes of Gender Based Discrimination in Pakistan’s Private Service Sector Workplaces . Sustainable Business and Society in Emerging Economies, 4(2), 227-238.